Hubble Telescope
- Earth
- Jupiter
- Mars
- Saturn
solar system
space exploration
space phenomenon
space shuttle
star charts

astronomy terms


Astronomy Calendars
Astronomy Calendars


Ancient Astronomers
Ancient Astronomers

Kepler's Witch : An Astronomer's Discovery of Cosmic Order Amid Religious War, Political Intrigue, and the Heresy Trial of His Mother
Kepler's Witch :
An Astronomer's Discovery of Cosmic Order Amid Religious War, Political Intrigue, and the Heresy Trial of His Mother

Creative Process
Science Bookshelf

Meade Personal Solar Telescope
Meade Personal Solar Telescope

Teacher's Best - The Creative Process

People in Astronomy - Astronomers, Astrophysicists, Astronauts
for the social studies and science classrooms, theme decor.

science > astronomy > PEOPLE IN ASTRONOMY LIST | a | b | c | d-e-f | g | h | i-j-k-l | m | n-r | s | t-z < explorers < social studies

Flammarion Woodcut Depicting a Man Exploring the Meeting of the Earth and the Sky from Popular Astronomy, Giclee Print

Astronomers, astrophysicists, and astronauts* study the objects and phenomena that happen outside of Earth's atmosphere (Greek: astro = star).

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences with archeological evidence showing ancient civilizations such as the Babylonian and Mayan measurement of time based on the periodical appearance and disappearance of celestial objects.

Astrology, which shares a common root with astronomy, is the belief that the position of objects in the sky can provide understanding about events in human life.


Buzz Aldrin**
William Anders*
Neil Armstrong**


Walter Baade
Benjamin Banneker
Frank Borman*
Tycho Brahe
Jocelyn Bell Burnell


Annie Jump Cannon
Scott Carpenter*
Giovanni Cassini
Anders Celsius
Roger B. Chaffee*
Christoph Clavius
Eileen Collins*
Michael Collins*
Charles “Pete” Conrad*
Gordon Cooper*
Nicholas Copernicus
Robert Crippen*


Jean-Baptiste Delambre
Charles Duke**
Frank Watson Dyson

Sir Arthur Eddington
Albert Einstein
Donn F. Eisele*
Ron Evans**

Camille Flammarion
John Flamsteed


Yuri Gagarin*
Galileo Galilei
Owen Kay Garriott*
John Glenn*
Dick Gordon*
Virgil “Gus” Grissom*


Fred Haise*
Sir Edmund Halley
Bernard Harris
Caroline Herschel
William Herschel
Johannes Hevelius
Jeremiah Horrocks
Edwin Hubble
Christiaan Huygens
Hypatia of Alexandria


James Irwin*

Mae Jemison*

Johannes Kepler

Pierre-Simon Laplace
Henrietta Swan Leavitt
James Lousma*
Jim Lovell*
Percival Lowell
Shannon Lucid*


Antonio de Marchena
Ken Mattingly*
Christa McAuliffe*
Bruce McCandless II*
Jim McDivitt*
Pierre Mechain
Charles-Joseph Messier
Edgar Mitchell*
Maria Mitchell
August Mobius
F. Story Musgrave*


Isaac Newton
Major Nikolayev*

Ellen Ochoa*
Ellsion Onizuka*

William Henry Pickering
Henri Poincare

Judith Resnik*
Sally Ride*
Stu Roosa*


Carl Sagan
Adam Johann Schall
Giovanni Schiaparelli
Wally Schirra*
Maarten Schmidt
Harrison Schmitt**
Russell “Rusty” Schweickart*
Harlow Shapley
Alan Shepard**
Deke Slayton*
Thomas Stafford*
Jack Swigert*


Taqi al-Din
Clyde Tombaugh
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
James A. Van Allen
Urbain le Verrier
Wernher von Braun
Ed White*
Alfred Worden*
John W. Young*

Saturn Ephemeris- Babylonian tablet c.500 BC, Giclee Print
Saturn Ephemeris,
Babylonian Tablet
c. 500 BC,
Giclee Print

In addition to preparing an ephemeris, a table giving the positions of celestial bodies at a given moment in time, the astonomer-priests of Mesopotamia put in place the division of the circle into 360º, the day into 24 hours and the zodiac into 12 signs.

Middle East posters
cuneiform print

Copy of a fragment of the Dresden Codex showing Mayan astronomical calculations, Giclee Print
Copy of a Dresden Codex fragment showing Mayan astronomical calculations,
Giclee Print

The Mayan, who were advanced in astronomical calcuations, recorded their observations in many books using their hieroglyphic script on a paper they made from the inner bark of fig trees. The Royal Library at Dresden, Germany houses the Dresden Codex, the most complete of the few Mayan books that survived the destruction of the Mayan literature by the Spanish conqueror.

Astronomers Looking Through a Telescope, Detail from a Map of The Constellations, Giclee Print
Astronomers Looking Through a Telescope,
Detail from a Map of
The Constellations,
Giclee Print

Alexandria Observatory: an Astronomer Using a Pre- Telescopic Sighting Instrument, Giclee Print
Alexandria Observatory:
an Astronomer Using
a Pre-Telescopic Sighting Instrument, Giclee Print

Egypt posters

The Jantar Mantar, One of Five Observatories Built by Sai Singh II in 1724, Delhi, India, Photographic Print
The Jantar Mantar,
One of Five Observatories Built
by Sai Singh, Delhi, India,
Photographic Print

(26º55'28"N 74º49'27"E)

Jantar Mantar consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards. There are five Jantar Mantars - literally translated as 'instrument and formula', in India (Delhi, Jaipur [functional], Varanasi, Ujjain, Mathura [lost]).

The primary purpose of the observatories was to compile astronomical tables, and to predict the times and movements of the sun, moon and planets.

Among the structures are the Ram Yantra (a cylindrical building with an open top and a pillar in its center), the Jai Prakash (a concave hemisphere), the Samrat Yantra (a huge equinoctial dial), the Digamsha Yantra (a pillar surrounded by two circular walls), and the Narivalaya Yantra (a cylindrical dial).

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last updated 11/15/13