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Notable Psychology & Psychiatrists Posters “M...-N...-”
for classrooms, homeschoolers and professional offices.

social studies > health > psychologists list > a | b | c | d-e | f | g | h-i | j | k | l | M-N | o-p | r | s | t-z < science

Notable psychologists and psychiatrists ~

Abraham Maslow
Rollo May
Karl & Will Menninger

Friedrich Anton Mesmer
Stanley Milgram

Alice Miller
Jacob L. Moreno

Abraham Maslow
Abraham Maslow
Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow
b. 4-1-1908; Brooklyn, NY
d. 6-8-1970; California

Professor Abraham Maslow, considered the founder of humanistic psychology, conceptualized a “hierarchy of human needs” list beginning with the deficiency needs of physiological, safety, love/belonging, and esteem, with self-actualization as to what a person's full potential is and realizing that potential.

Abraham Maslow quotes ~
• “If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.”
• “If you deliberately plan on being less than you are capable of being, then I warn you that you'll be unhappy for the rest of your life.”
• “What is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself.”
• “ ... education through art is a kind of therapy and growth technique, because it permits the deeper layers of the psyche to emerge, and therefore to be encouraged, fostered, trained, and educated.”

Abraham Maslow - Toward a Psychology of Being, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, Hierarchy of Needs

Rollo May on Existential Psychotherapy, DVD
Rollo May
on Existential Psychotherapy,

(no commercially available image)

Rollo May
b. 4-21-1909; Ada, Ohio
d. 10-22-1994; California

Psychologist Rollo May is associated with existential philosophy, being influenced by Søren Kierkegaard, and Otto Rank.

Rollo May quotes ~
• “Creativity is not merely the innocent spontaneity of our youth and childhood; it must also be married to the passion of the adult human being, which is a passion to live beyond one's death.”
• “Joy, rather than happiness, is the goal of life, for joy is the emotion which accompanies our fulfilling our natures as human beings. It is based on the experience of one's identity as a being of worth and dignity.”
• “Existential therapy is something radically different. The aims are to open the person up, to help this person become more sensitive to life, to beauty. Now that sounds a bit sentimental, I know, but it's a very serious thing we need.”
• “Care is a state in which something does matter; it is the source of human tenderness.”
• “Hate is not the opposite of love; apathy is.”
• “The opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it is conformity.”

Portrait of Friedrich Anton Mesmer the Austrian Physician and Founder of Mesmerism, Giclee Print
Friedrich Anton Mesmer,
Giclee Print

Friedrich Anton Mesmer
b. 5-23-1734; Swabia, Germany
d. 3-15-1815

Physician and astrologist Friedrich Anton Mesmer's name came to be the root of the English verb “mesmerize”. He was the developer of what he called magnétisme animal (animal magnetism) and other healing techniques through spiritual forces that are often grouped together as mesmerism. The evolution of his ideas and practices led surgeon James Braid to develop hypnosis in 1842.

The Crime of Punishment, Karl A. Menninger
The Crime of Punishment,
Karl A. Menninger

Karl A. Menninger
b. 7-22-1893; Topeka, KS
d. 7-18-1990

William C. Menninger
b. 10-15-1899; Topeka, KS
d. 1966

Karl and Will Menninger, with their father C. F., founded the Menninger Foundation, a center for treatment of behavioral disorders.

nervous system posters

The Individual in a Social World: Wssays and Experiments by Stanley Milgrim
The Individual in a Social World: Essays and Experiments
by Stanley Milgrim

(no commercially
available image)

Stanley Milgram
b. 8-15-1933; NYC, NY
d. 12-20-1984; Manhattan (heart disease)

Psychologist Stanley Milgrim is best remembered for his work on obedience to authority, conducted in the 1960s, and the “small-world experiment”, a phenomenon better known as “six-degrees of separation”.

Stanley Milgram quotes ~
• “The disappearance of a sense of responsibility is the most far-reaching consequence of submission to authority.”
• “The social psychology of this century reveals a major lesson: often it is not so much the kind of person a man is as the kind of situation in which he finds himself that determines how he will act.”
• “Some people are on the good side only because situations have never coerced or seduced them to cross over.”
• “The key to the behavior of subjects lies not in pent-up anger or aggression, but in the nature of their relationship to authority. They have given themselves to the authority; they see themselves as instruments for the execution of his wishes; once so defined, they are unable to break free.”
• “It may be that we are puppets — puppets controlled by the strings of society. But at least we are puppets with perception, with awareness. And perhaps our awareness is the first step to our liberation. The fact that obedience is often a necessity in human society does not diminish our responsibility as citizens. Rather, it confers on us a special obligation to place in positions of authority those most likely to use it humanely. And people are inventive. The variety of political forms we have seen in history are only several of many possible political arrangements. Perhaps the next step is to invent and to explore political forms that will give conscience a better chance to resist errant authority.”
• “Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process. Moreover, even when the destructive effects of their work become patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority.”
• “But the culture has failed, almost entirely, in inculcating internal controls on actions that have their origin in authority. For this reason, the latter constitutes a far greater danger to human survival.”

peace & justice education

The Drama of the Gifted Child: The Search for the True Self
The Drama of
the Gifted Child:
The Search for
the True Self

(no commercially available image)

Alice Miller
b. 1-12-1923; Lwow, Poland
d. 4-14-2010; Saint-Rémy de Provence, France

Psychologist Alice Miller is best known for her work on the causes and effects of childhood trauma.

Alice Miller quotes ~
• “Experience has taught us that we have only one enduring weapon in our struggle against mental illness: the emotional discovery and emotional acceptance of the truth in the individual and unique history of our childhood.”

Psychodrama Since Moreno: Innovations in Theory and Practice
Psychodrama Since Moreno:
Innovations in
Theory and Practice

Jacob L. Moreno
b. 5-18-1889; Bucharest, Romania
d. 5-14-1974; NYC

Psychiatrist and psychosociologist J. L. Moreno is the founder of psychodrama and a pioneer of group psychotherapy.

J. L. Moreno quotes ~
• “And if one wants to give full credit to Goethe, one can say that, at least to my knowledge, no other playwright has constructed an entire play, that is, every scene, every word, the entire structure of the play, to demonstrate drama itself as cure.” - Moreno commenting on Goethe's play Lila

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last updated 2/1/14