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Euler’s Spinning Disk
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Notable Chemists & Physicists Posters & Prints “L...-”
for science classrooms, laboratories, home schoolers.

science > chemistry & physics > Famous Chemist & Physicists List | a | b | c | d-e | f | g | h | i-j-k | L | m | n-o | p | q-r | s | t | u-z < social studies < philosophers

Notable chemists and physicists ~

Lev Landau
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Antoine Lavoisier
Marie-Anne Pierette Lavoisier
Ernest O. Lawrence
Willard Libby
Fritz Lipmann
Sir Joseph Lister
Shannon Lucid
Feodor Lynen

Lev Davidovich Landau Russian Physicist, Giclee Print
Lev Davidovich Landau
Giclee Print

Lev Davidovich Landau
b. 1-22-1908; Baku, Azerbaijan, Russian Empire
d. 4-1-1968; Moscow

Lev Davidovich Landau was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for “his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium.”

Pierre-Simon de Laplace French Astronomer and Mathematician, Giclee Print
Pierre-Simon de Laplace French Astronomer and Mathematician, Giclee Print

Pierre-Simon Laplace
b. 3-23-1749; Beaumont-en-Auge, Normandy, France
d. 3-5-1827; Paris

Astronomer and mathematician Pierre-Simon Laplace formulated a great number of equations which appear in many branches of mathematical physics.

Laplace, often referred to as the “Newton of France”, is one of the 72 names engraved on the Eiffel Tower.

Pierre-Simon Laplace quotes ~
• “Life's most important questions are, for the most part, nothing but probability problems.”
• “What we know is not much. What we do not know is immense.” (attributed)
• “Nature laughs at the difficulties of integration.”

Antoine Lavoisier's Experiment on the Reconstruction of Water in 1790, c. 1860, Giclee Print
Antoine Lavoisier &
his wife and collaborator, Marie-Anne Pierette Lavoisier,
Giclee Print

Antoine Lavoisier & Marie-Anne Pierette Lavoisier
b. 8-26-1743; Paris, France
d. 5-8-1794; beheaded in the French Revolution

Antoine Lavoisier, a chemist and biologist, was also involved in the financial and economic administration of pre-revolutionary France, for which he was beheaded.

As a scientist Lavoisier worked on the law of conservation of mass, recognized (and named) oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), introduced the metric system, and listed the elements.

His wife Marie-Anne Lavoisier was his constant assistant and noted scientist in her own right.

Antoine Lavoisier: Father of Chemistry
women scientists

Ernest O. Lawrence, American Physicist and Nobel Laureate, 1950, Photographic Print
Ernest O. Lawrence, American Physicist and Nobel Laureate, 1950,
Photographic Print

Ernest O. Lawrence
b. 8-8-1901; Canton, SD
d. 8-27-1958; Palo Alto, CA

Physicist and physics professor Ernest O. Lawrence was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics for “for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements.” The phrase “Big Science” is closely associated with Lawrence.

Lawrence was honored by the University of California with the renaming of two of the university's nuclear research sites: Lawrence Livermore and Lawrence Berkeley.

The radioactive synthetic element number 103 is named “Lawrencium” (Lr) in Lawrence's honor.
John Lawrence (1904-1991), the brother of Ernest, was a physician working in nuclear medicine.

Atomic Facts


fl. c. 5th century BC; Greece

Leucippus or Leukippos (bright horse) (5th century BC) was the originator of atomism, the philosophical belief that everything is composed entirely of various imperishable, indivisible elements called atoms. There are no existing writings which we can attribute to Leucippus, since his writings seem to have been enfolded into the work of his famous student Democritus. (book description)

Willard Libby, Photographic Print
Willard Libby,
Photographic Print

Willard Frank Libby
b. 12-17-1908; Grand Valley, Colorado
d. 9-8-1980; Los Angeles

Libby, a physical chemist, worked on the Manhattan Project on developing the atomic bomb.

He was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for radiocarbon dating, which was important to the study of archaeology.

Libby was also a noted professor, teaching at the University of Chicago, and University of California, UCLA.

Life Work of Noble Laureate Willard Frank Libby
Radiocarbon Dating

Fritz Albert Lipmann, American Biochemist Born in Germany, Photographic Print
Fritz Albert Lipmann,
Photographic Print

Fritz Lipmann
b. 6-12-1899; Königsberg, Germany
d. 7-24-1986; New York

Fritz Lipmann was a biochemist who shared the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism”. The 1953 Prize was shared with Hans Adolf Krebs (Krebs cycle).

Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 2

Joseph Lister, Giclee Print
Joseph Lister,
Giclee Print

Sir Joseph Lister
b. 4-5-1827; Upton, Essex, England
d. 2-10-1912; Walmer, Kent

Joseph Lister was a surgeon who successfully introduced preventing infections with the sterilization of surgical instruments and wounds. (Florence Nightingale, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., and Ignaz Semmelweis were important advocates of cleanliness in health care and what would come to be know as antisepic practices.)

Listerine mouthwash is named after Lister.

Joseph Lister and the Story of Antiseptics
health care posters

Shannon Lucid
Shannon Lucid

Shannon Lucid
b. 1-14-1943; Shanghai, China (grew up in Bethany, OK)

Biochemist Shannon Lucid was a member of first NASA astronaut class to include women (1978), and the only woman to be a mother at time of selection.

Dr. Lucid logged 5,354 hours (223 days) in space in five space flights: mission specialist on STS-51G (June 1985), STS-34 (October 1989), STS-43 (August 1991), STS-58 (October-November 1993), and as a Board Engineer 2 on Russia’s Space Station Mir (March 1996 aboard STS-76 and returning September 1996 aboard STS-79).

She was the first woman to hold an international record for the most flight hours in orbit (by any non-Russian), and she also held the record for the most flight hours in orbit by any woman in the world until June 2007.

Feodor Lynen, German Biochemist, Photographic Print
Feodor Lynen, Photographic Print

Feodor Lynen
b. 4-6-1911; Munich, Germany
d. 8-6-1979; Munich

Biochemist Feodor Lynen shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1964 with Konrad Bloch “for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism.”

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