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Genomics: The Human Genome and Beyond

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Euler’s Spinning Disk
Euler’s Spinning Disk

Hooke's Law University Apparatus
Hooke's Law
University Apparatus

Kitchen Chemistry
Kitchen Chemistry

Urban Water Test Kit
Urban Water Test Kit

Wind Tunnel
Wind Tunnel

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Notable Chemists & Physicists Posters & Prints “S...-”
for science classrooms, laboratories, home schoolers.

science > chemistry & physics > Famous Chemist & Physicists List | a | b | c | d-e | f | g | h | i-j-k | l | m | n-o | p | q-r | S | t | u-z < social studies < philosophers

Notable chemists and physicists ~

Carl Sagan
Andrei Sakharov
Frederick Sanger
Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Erwin Schrödinger
Berthold Schwarz
Glenn T. Seaborg
William Shockley
Benjamin Silliman
Lyman Spitzer
Leo Szilard

Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Calendar Poster
Carl Sagan's Cosmic Calendar, Poster

Carl Sagan
b. 11-9-1934; Brooklyn, NY
d. 12-20-1996

Astrophysicist Carl Sagan popularized astronomy with his PBS program Cosmos, and his novel “Contact” was the basis of a movie by the same name.

You Are Here: “Look at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. ...”

The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom
The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom

Andrei Sakharov
b. 5-21-1921; Moscow, Russia
d. 12-14-1989

Andrei Sakharov was a nuclear physicist in the former Soviet Union who became uneasy about the human rights issues around the work he was doing. He became an advocate of civil liberties and reforms, being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.

• more Nobel Peace Prize winners posters
Sakharov: A Biography

Frederick Sanger, English Biochemist, Photographic Print
Frederick Sanger, Photographic Print

Frederick Sanger
b. 8-13-1918; Rendcomb, England
d. 11-19-2013; Cambridge

Biochemist Frederick Sanger was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 and 1980 for work with DNA. Sanger was the fourth person to be awarded two Nobel Prizes (others Marie Curie, Linus Pauling and John Bardeen).

Sanger, who was raised in a Quaker home, was a pacifist and signed the Peace Pledge Union “I renounce war, and am therefore determined not to support any kind of war. I am also determined to work for the removal of all causes of war.”

Selected Papers of Frederick Sanger

Scheele Discovers, Giclee Print
Scheele Discovers,
Giclee Print

Carl Wilhelm Scheele
b. 12-9-1742; Stralsund, Swedish Pomerania, today Germany
d. 5-21-1786; Koping, Sweden

Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the son of a carpenter, and without a formal science education, became a pharmacist. Scheele read many books and was an experimenter. Scheele, Priestley and Lavoisier all “discovered” oxygen about the same time.

Scheele also died at a young age, probably due to his experimentation of tasting the chemicals he was studying.


Erwin Schrodinger Austrian Physicist, Giclee Print
Erwin Schrodinger
Austrian Physicist,
Giclee Print

Erwin Schrödinger
b. 8-12-1887; Vienna, Austria
d. 1-4-1961

Schrödinger was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1933 (with Dirac) for his Schrödinger equation describing the space and time dependence of quantum mechanical systems. In 1935, he proposed the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.

What is Life? by Erwin Schrodinger

Berthold Schwarz German Monk and Alchemist Possibly Legendary, Giclee Print
Berthold Schwarz,
Giclee Print

Berthold Schwarz
fl. 13th century; Germany

Franciscan monk Berthold Schwarz (Berthold the Black), whose work as an alchemist with a burning powder called gunpowder, is generally credited as leading to the invention of firearms in Europe. A statue to Berthold was erected in Freiburg.

FYI - It is possible that Berthold Schwarz is not a historical person, he may be a legendary figure symbolizing the spirit of invention.

Gunpowder: Alchemy, Bombards, And Pyrotechnics: The History Of The Explosive That Changed The World

Glenn T. Seaborg, Photographic Print
Glenn T. Seaborg, Photographic Print

Glenn T. Seaborg
b. 4-19-1912; Ishpeming, MI (raised in California)
d. 2-25-1999; Stanford, CA

Glenn T. Seaborg shared the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for “discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements”. He also contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements (plutonium, americium, curium, berkelium, californium, einsteinium, fermium, mendelevium, nobelium and element 106, which was named seaborgium in his honor while he was still living), and developed the actinide concept, which led to the current arrangement of the actinide series in the periodic table of the elements.

Seaborg was also a noted author and educator as well as the second chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley.

Glenn T. Seaborg quotes ~
• “There is a beauty in discovery. There is mathematics in music, a kinship of science and poetry in the description of nature, and exquisite form in a molecule. Attempts to place different disciplines in different camps are revealed as artificial in the face of the unity of knowledge. All literate men are sustained by the philosopher, the historian, the political analyst, the economist, the scientist, the poet, the artisan and the musician.
• “One of the first laws against air pollution came in 1300 when King Edward I decreed the death penalty for burning of coal. At least one execution for that offense is recorded. But economics triumphed over health considerations, and air pollution became an appalling problem in England.
• “The education of young people in science is at least as important, maybe more so, than the research itself.
• “Our Nation is at risk. Our once unchallenged preeminence in commerce, industry, science and technological innovation is being overtaken by competitors throughout the world ... the educational foundations of our society are presently being eroded by a rising tide of mediocrity that threatens our very future as a Nation and as a people. What was unimaginable a generation ago has begun to occur -- others are matching and surpassing our educational attainments. /If an unfriendly foreign power had attempted to impose on America the mediocre educational performance that exists today, we might well have viewed it as an act of war. As it stands, we have allowed this to happen to ourselves ... We have, in effect, been committing an act of unthinking, unilateral educational disarmament.” ~ A Nation at Risk

Adventures in the Atomic Age: From Watts to Washington

William Bradford Shockley American Physicist Born in London, Photographic Print
William Bradford Shockley,
Photographic Print

William Shockley
b. 2-13-1910; London, England
d. 8-12-1989; Stanford, CA

Physicist William Shockley was co-awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics with John Bardeen and Walter Brattain for their invention of the transistor.

Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley, Creator of the Electronic Age

Benjamin Silliman, D.D. L.L.D. Professor of chemistry, geology & mineralogy at Yale
Benjamin Silliman, Print

Benjamin Silliman
b. 8-8-1779; North Stratford, now Trumbull, Connecticut
d. 11-24-1864

Benjamin Silliman, one of the first American professors of science, was the first American to fractionate petroleum (crude oil) by distillation in 1854. He was first educated as a lawyer, then studied chemistry and geology.

Dr. Lyman Spitzer, Photographic Print
Dr. Lyman Spitzer, Photographic Print

Lyman Spitzer
b. 6-26-1914; Toledo, OH
d. 3-31-1997; Princeton, NJ

Theoretical physicist and astronomer Lyman Spitzer is best remembered for conceiving the idea of telescopes operating in outer space as well as research in star formation and plasma physics. He also worked on the development of sonar during WWII, and later as director of the Princeton University Observatory.

He was honored for his work with the naming of the Spitzer Space Telescope, one of NASA's Four Great Observatories project (Hubble Telescope, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory and the Chandra X-ray Observatory).

Spitzer was also an avid mountain climber and music lover.

Physicist Leo Szilard Receiving the "Atoms for Peace" Award from James R. Killian, Photographic Print
Physicist Leo Szilard
Photographic Print

Leo Szilard
b. 2-11-1898; Budapest, Hungary
d. 5-30-1964; La Jolla, CA

Physicist Leo Szilard “conceived the nuclear chain reaction in 1933, patented the idea of a nuclear reactor with Enrico Fermi, and in late 1939 wrote the letter for Albert Einstein's signature that resulted in the Manhattan Project that built the atomic bomb.”

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last updated 11/26/13