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Notable Chemists & Physicists Posters & Prints “I...-J...-K...-”
for science classrooms, laboratories, home schoolers.

science > chemistry & physics > Famous Chemist & Physicists List | a | b | c | d-e | f | g | h | I-J-K | l | m | n-o | p | q-r | s | t | u-z < social studies < philosophers

Notable chemists and physicists ~

Shirley Jackson
Francois Jacob
Moritiz von Jacobi
Mae Jemison
James Prescott Joule
Percy Lavon Julian
Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes
Lord Kelvin
Hans Adolf Krebs
Thomas Kuhn
Nicholas Kurti

Strong Force: The Story of Physicist Shirley Ann Jackson
Strong Force: The Story of Physicist Shirley Ann Jackson

Shirley Jackson
b. 8-5-1946; Washington, DC

Physicist Shirley Jackson, the first African-American to earn a Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, worked at Fermilab, CERN, and Bell Laboratories. She has taught at Stanford, Aspen Center for Physics, and Rutgers, currently serving as President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Jackson is also the first woman and first African-American to serve as Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Women Scientist List

The Statue Within: An Autobiography
The Statue Within:
An Autobiography
by Francois Jacob

Francois Jacob
b. 6-17-1920; Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France

Biochemist Francois Jacob was shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Jacques-Lucien Monad and Andre Lwoff “for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis”.

Mortiz Herman von Jacobi, Giclee Print
Mortiz Herman von Jacobi,
Giclee Print

Moritz Herbert von Jacobi
b. 9-21-1801; Potsdam, Prussia
d. 3-10-1874; St. Petersburg, Russia

Engineer, physicist, and professor Moritiz Herbert von Jacobi worked with electric motors, wire telegraphy, and electrotyping (also known as galvanoplasty, a chemical method of making printing plates by electroplating- 1838).

Moritz younger brother was mathematician Carl Gustv Jacob Jacobi.

Astronaut Mae Jemison, First African American Woman in Space as Sts 47 Endeavour Mission Specialist, Photographic Print
Mae Jemison, astronaut,
Photographic Print

Mae Jemison
b. 10-17-1956; Decatur, AL

Mae Jemison, the first African American woman in space, served as a STS-47 Endeavour Mission Specialist. Jemison is also a medical doctor, and served in the Peace Corps.

• Mae Jemison in Women of Science composite poster
Find Where The Wind Goes: Moments From My Life

James Prescott Joule, Scientist, Giclee Print
James Prescott Joule,
Giclee Print

James Prescott Joule
b. 12-24-1818; Lancashire, England
d. 10-11-1889

Joule was the English physicist who discovered the relationship between heat, electricity and mechanical work. The International System of Units (SI) derived unit of energy, the joule, is named after him, and Joule's laws concerning the flow of current through a resistance and the heat dissipated. He also worked with Lord Kelvin to develop the absolute scale of temperature.

Biography of James Prescott Joule

US 1993 Postal Stamps, Percy Lavon Julian
Percy Lavon Julian
US 1993 Postal Stamps

Percy Lavon Julian
b. 4-11-1899; Montgomery, AL
d. 4-19-1975; Illinois

Research chemist Percy Lavon Julian was a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants and during his lifetime he received more than 130 chemical patents.

He was one of the first African-Americans to earn a doctorate in chemistry (after St. Elmo Brady and Edward M. A. Chandler) and he also taught chemistry at the university level.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch Physicist, Giclee Print
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes,
Dutch Physicist,
Giclee Print

Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes
b. 9-21-1853; The Netherlands
d. 2-21-1926

Physicist Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes was the first to liquify helium (1908), at the time the lowest temperature on Earth, and in 1911 described the new state of “superconductivity”.

Onnes was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics for “his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium.”

The galvanic circuit investigated mathematically by Georg Simon Ohm

Sir William Thomson Lord Kelvin, Scientist, Giclee Print
Sir William Thomson
Lord Kelvin,
Giclee Print

Sir William Thomson, Lord Kelvin
b. 6-26-1824; Belfast, Ireland
d. 12-17-1907; Largs, Scotland

William Thomson was an engineer, inventor who was knighted given the title Lord Kelvin for his achievements which included more than 600 scientific papers, 70 patents and critical input in the laying of the transatlantic cable.

The temperature measurement (Kelvin scale) is named for him. He is also remembered for grossly underestimating the age of the Earth, that making the statements that “Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible,” (1895) and the “Radio has no future,” (1897).

Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

Hans Adolf Krebs, Print
Hans Adolf Krebs,

Hans Adolf Krebs
b. 8-25-1900; Hildesheim, Germany
d. 11-22-1981; Oxford, England

Physician and biochemist Hans Adolf Krebs shared the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for his discovery of the citric acid cycle” (Krebs cycle). The 1953 Prize was shared with Fritz Lipmann.

Thomas Kuhn - The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
Thomas Kuhn -
The Structure of
Scientific Revolutions

(no commercially available image)

Thomas Kuhn
b. 7-18-1922; Cincinnati, OH
d. 6-17-1996

Physicist Thomas Kuhn wrote on the history of science, bringing the idea of “paradigm shift” into popular consciousness.

Thomas Kuhn quotes ~
• “The crises of our time, it becomes increasingly clear, are the necessary impetus for the revolution now under way. And once we understand nature's transformative powers, we see that it is our powerful ally, not a force to feared our subdued.”
• “Almost always the men who achieve these fundamental inventions of a new paradigm have been either very young or very new to the field whose paradigm they change.”
• “Scientific development depends in part on a process of non-incremental or revolutionary change. Some revolutions are large, like those associated with the names of Copernicus, Newton, or Darwin, but most are much smaller, like the discovery of oxygen or the planet Uranus.”

But the Crackling is Superb, An Anthology on Food and Drink by Fellows and Foreign Members of the Royal Society
But the Crackling is Superb, An Anthology on Food and Drink by Fellows and Foreign Members of the Royal Society

Nicholas Kurti
b. 5-14-1908; Budapest, Hungary
d. 11-24-1998

The physicist Nicholas Kurti enthusiastically applied scientific knowledge to culinary endeavors such as his talk at the Royal Society titled “The physicist in the kitchen”. Kurti amazed the audience by using the recently invented microwave oven to make a “Frozen Florida” (cold outside, hot inside) the reverse of a “Baked Alaska”.

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